Male Border Collies vs. Woman: What’s the Difference?

Border Collies are dogs that are growing in popularity. If you are considering adopting one of these dogs, it is important that you choose the right breed for you. Although the two sexes are very similar to each other, they have some key differences.

In this article, we take a look at the differences between male and female Border Collies. For the most part, these dogs have more in common than differences. However, that doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t consider gender when adopting a puppy.


Visual Difference

Border Collie male vs female side by side

at a glance

Male Border Collie

  • Average Height (adult): 19–22 inches
  • Average Weight (adult): 31–44 pounds

Women’s Border Collie

  • Average Height (adult): 18–21 inches

  • Average Weight (adult): 26–42 pounds

Border Collie 101

border collie with sheep

The Border Collie hails from the Anglo-Scottish border region of England, hence their name. They were developed and bred for herding livestock, particularly the sheep common in the region.

As a breed, the Border Collie is known as one of the smartest dogs in the world. They are very energetic and intelligent, which is why many people choose to adopt them. However, they can also be very few due to those exact traits.

They need lots of exercise and training to stay healthy and happy. If their needs are not met, they can become destructive and unruly.

Today, they are still used for herding and are considered one of the best breeds in the world for the job. If one needs cattle to graze, they often employ Border Collies. Their natural herding instincts mean that they require little training in the area.

They are also regular champions in canine sports, including canine obedience, herding, and agility. Their high intelligence makes it easier for them to follow the sport. In many cases, dog exercise gives them the outlet they need to thrive.

Of course, these dogs are also commonly kept as pets. They are great companion animals for those who wish to take part in dog sports or other events. However, their high needs make them a difficult choice for those who simply “want a dog”. We only recommend them to experienced dog owners, given their high training and training needs.

Men’s Border Collie Overview

male border collie standing on grass


Currently, there is no solid scientific evidence of differences between male and female Border Collie temperaments. However, anecdotal evidence suggests that male Border Collies tend to be easier to handle and more loyal to their owners.

If the male is not corrected, he may display the fable-marking behavior common among all male dogs. You also need to deal with their behavior if they smell another dog in heat.

Men also tend to be more aggressive than women. Based on bite statistics, males bite more often than females. This fact may be especially true for intact males.


All Border Collies are relatively easy to train. They are very intelligent and people oriented. Therefore, they are a great option for those who plan on doing a lot of training. However, they also need that training, or they can become bored and destructive.

This tendency to get bored may be especially bothersome with male dogs, although we don’t have the scientific information to back up this claim.

Male dogs do tend to prefer to roam, which needs to be combated with training. Teaching them the command to remember can be a little difficult, as they are more likely to wander.

However, that does not mean that males are more difficult to train overall. Their propensity to roam may just need to be considered.

male border collie playing


Overall, there is not much difference in health between male and female Border Collies.

Occasionally, studies will find that male dogs are more likely to develop problems with hip dysplasia. In many cases, this may be because males are often larger and therefore take a little longer to grow.

However, other studies have found no difference overall.

Men are more likely to develop certain cancers and other problems. They are no more susceptible to certain inherited conditions, such as glaucoma and neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL). They can develop the same eye problems that women experience and often to the same degree.

Serious Condition

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Eye condition
  • NCL
  • Certain cancers

Minor Condition

  • Glaucoma

male border collie standing


Of course, males are very different from females in terms of reproduction. Breeding Border Collies is often a bit difficult due to their high training needs. In many cases, male bulls are much more common than cages full of females and males.

The rearing of these dogs was too much to make larger kennels common.

Some male dogs have been quite productive during their lives, producing many different puppies. In fact, the basis of the Border Collie breed is often considered a single stud dog.

However, although males can often breed once a day, this is not recommended. Eventually, you will have too many related puppies, which can make future breeding very difficult. For the breed to be strong, different males need to be studded.


  • Not susceptible to any special health conditions

  • Easy to breed

  • Easy to handle

  • Easy to train


  • More likely to wander

  • Improved tagging

  • May be more prone to hip dysplasia

  • Higher chance of bite

divider dog paw

Women’s Border Collie Overview

female border collie lying on the grass


For the most part, women have a similar temperament to men. They do have a lower chance of aggression, though how low is debatable. In the end, how you raise your dog is always more important than the dog’s gender.

Women experience more personality changes during their lifetime than men. They get hot twice a year, during which time, they can become much more affectionate. Their hormones vary throughout their heat cycle, which will affect their personality.

Therefore, determining a woman’s temperament can be more difficult. Depending on where they are in their cycle, they can act like completely different dogs.


Women are often considered easier to train. They usually don’t have the common signs and problems urinating inappropriately as men do. Males are much more likely to mark their territory, although this is also not the case for females.

In some cases, women are thought to be less likely to roam. Theoretically, this could make training easier. Remembering commands may be simpler to teach, and females may pay more attention to training in general.

However, any actual differences tend to be small and insignificant. You probably won’t see much difference between men and women on the field.

female border collie standing on the grass


Women are slightly different biologically from men, which makes them more susceptible to certain health conditions.

First, women can get certain forms of cancer that men cannot, such as uterine cancer and cervical cancer. However, the same can be said for cancers of the male reproductive system, so it is usually not a significant health consideration.

Second, women may be less likely to develop hip dysplasia, possibly because of their smaller size. However, real world differences are likely small. Dog genetics and how they are raised is far more important than their gender.

Females can develop all of the health conditions common to the breed, including Collie eye anomalies and similar inherited disorders.

Serious Condition

  • Hip dysplasia

  • Eye condition

  • NCL

  • Certain cancers

Minor Condition

  • Glaucoma

female border collie lying


The breeding of the female is much more thoroughly involved than that of the male. Men are one-and-done. They are not involved in anything after mating. With a female, however, you’ll have to take care of the pregnant dog and her droppings, which is a lot more work.

Females go into the heat about twice a year and can only breed during this time. The breeding of females involves precise timing, whereas males can generally breed at any time.

When breeding females, you have to wait until they mature. Unlike men, women have to physically carry garbage, which can put serious stress on their health. If the female is still growing, her own growth may be affected as her body is trying to grow a puppy.

Therefore, females are often bred more slowly than males in general.

mother border collie and puppies

  • Easier to train

  • Lower chance of bite

  • Less territorial behavior and marking

  • May be less prone to hip dysplasia


  • Hormonal cycles affect temperament

  • More difficult to breed

  • Vulnerable to cancer specifically for women


Which Sex is Right for You?

For the most part, choosing gender is not a make-or-break decision for would-be Border Collie owners. Both sexes are very similar to each other. Therefore, you do not need to determine a specific gender before adopting a puppy.

In some cases, it may be best to base your puppy’s choice on other factors, such as color and quality. While Border Collies are not very common, you will find a suitable puppy more quickly if you are willing to adopt a dog of both sexes.

There was no significant difference between men and women. The males are slightly bigger, but not by much. However, if you are looking for a smaller dog, you may want to consider adopting a female dog. However, this is not a guarantee, given that some females can grow quite large.

That said, males are more prone to sex-specific behaviors such as urine marking. With a woman, you usually don’t have to deal with this behavior.

Overall, the gender you decide to adopt probably won’t have a big impact on the dog-owning experience.

  • Related reading: The 10 Best Dog Foods for Border Collies in 2022 – Top Reviews & Picks

Featured Image Credit: Up – BIGANDT.COM, Shutterstock; Below – Lucia Horvath Photography, Shutterstock

Male Border Collies vs. Woman: What’s the Difference?
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