Explanation of 6 Types of Horse Racing and their Class

If you are new to the exciting sport of horse racing, one of the first things you need to learn is the different racing classes and what the differences are between them. It can seem like a steep learning curve at first, but you will have new knowledge that can help you understand and enjoy this exciting sport better with a little patience. We’ll cover each class and tell you about the qualifications, including weight, gender and age, to help you make the right bets when you’re on your next track.


6 Types of Horse Racing

1. Claiming Horse Racing

claim the horse race_Clarence Alford_Pixabay

Claiming a horse race allows the owner to buy and sell horses on the track. Each horse in a claiming race is for sale, and the buyer will claim a horse at a certain price before the race and will take ownership of the horse after the race. All horses are of the same value, age, and weight, and the winner means nothing to the buyer and seller, but if the horse wins, the profit goes to the previous owner. Prices typically range from $1000 to $100,000, and more than half of the original breeds held in North America are Claiming Horse Races.

2. Optional Claim

optionally claim the horse race_Yenni Vance_Pixabay

Optional claim races are similar to claim races, but not all horses are sold. Owners can choose whether the buyer can purchase the horse before the race, and the price of the horse usually starts closer to $100,000 than claiming the race. Optional claim races are a good way to test a horse’s skills against other similar horses before deciding to sell.

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Virgin Horse Racing

Virgin horse racing is for horses that have never won a race. Many horses, but not all, will start their careers here. A horse that has not won the race will continue to run this race. When it wins, the owner says the horse “broke the girl”, and he will move on to another breed. There are two girls’ horse racing classes.

3. Girls Horse Racing – First Class

Virgin Horse Racing_Piqsels

Prime horse racing gives owners the opportunity to sell their horses at a lower price. Owners are likely to sell unpromising horses during inaugural races. Like any other race, the buyer will claim the horse before the race starts, and the result of the race has nothing to do with the sale, but the seller will collect all the winnings if the horse wins.

4. Girls Special Weight Race – Second Class

Maiden_Piqsels Special Horse Race

Maiden’s special weight races are for horses that the owner believes will start winning and move on to greater competition. Buyers cannot claim these horses, and there are age, gender, surface type, and distance restrictions that allow the trainer to choose the races he can win.

5. Horse Racing Allowance

horse racing allowance_dreamtemp_Pixabay

Horse racing allowances are for non-virgin horses that are not for sale. It’s called an allowance race because the horse has to meet certain requirements to race. Some races will have some conditions to join, while others have very few. These races usually have a higher wallet and can be lucrative for trainers with good horses that meet the requirements for some races.

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6. Horse Racing Betting

Horse Racing Bet_Piqsels

Race betting is top tier when it comes to horse racing. The bet refers to the entry fee required when the horse is eligible. There are four types of betting races ranked G1, G2, G3, and Bet. G1 stands for first class, and it is the most expensive horse race in America. Payouts in G1 races often exceed $10 million. For example, the Kentucky Derby is a G1 betting race for a 3-year-old Thoroughbred.

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Most horses will often start their maiden race. Owners can choose to sell their horse during the inaugural race if it doesn’t perform well, or they can look for a girl-only race that can make the horse a winner. After breaking the girl, the owner will likely try to put the horse in the allowance and risk the race for the money. When it comes time to sell a horse, the owner will probably put it in a demanding horse race where other buyers can buy it.

We hope you enjoyed reading this guide and finding answers to your questions. If we’ve helped you understand the race cards better, please share these six different races and classes of horses on Facebook and Twitter.

Featured Image Credit: Yenni Vance, Pixabay