Can Mice and Squirrels Live Together?

Rodents like mice and squirrels can often cause disturbances in homes, particularly in attics. These tiny creatures can create a ruckus with their constant noises, and their habit of chewing on structures can lead to significant damage. Additionally, they pose a fire hazard by gnawing on electrical wiring. It is crucial to identify the root of the problem and take appropriate measures to remove the infestation and prevent further damage.

Now, let’s delve deeper into the topic to understand the dynamics of mice and squirrels coexisting in the same environment.

Key Takeaways:

  • Mice and squirrels can cause disturbances and damage in homes, especially in attics.
  • Identifying their presence is crucial to effectively address the infestation.
  • Both mice and squirrels pose risks to the home and can carry diseases.
  • Eliminating them from the attic requires sealing entry points and professional pest management services.
  • Squirrels, primarily herbivorous, rarely eat mice, primarily consuming plant-based foods.

Identifying Mice and Squirrels in the Attic

When dealing with a potential infestation in your attic, it’s important to be able to identify whether you have mice or squirrels as the culprits. This knowledge will help you implement the right strategies to address the problem effectively.

To identify mice in the attic, look for signs such as small droppings, typically about the size of a rice grain, scattered around. Mice also have a distinct musty odor. Additionally, you may hear them scurrying around at night, as mice are nocturnal creatures.

On the other hand, identifying squirrels in the attic can be done by looking for larger droppings, approximately the size of a hazelnut. Squirrels are diurnal, meaning they are active during the daytime, so you may hear them scampering around during daylight hours. They also tend to have a louder and more persistent scratching or chewing noise compared to mice.

Table: Identifying Mice and Squirrels in the Attic

Attribute Mice Squirrels
Fur Color Gray N/A
Body Shape Rounded Slender
Droppings Small, rice-like Larger, hazelnut-sized
Activity Time Nocturnal Diurnal
Noise Light scurrying Louder scratching or chewing

By paying attention to these distinguishing characteristics and behaviors, you can accurately identify whether you have mice or squirrels in your attic. This knowledge will be crucial in implementing the most appropriate methods for removal and prevention, helping you restore peace and safety to your home.

Potential Risks of Mice and Squirrels in the Home

risks of mice and squirrels in the home

Mice and squirrels may seem harmless, but their presence in your home can pose several risks. These rodents are known for their destructive behavior, causing damage to insulation, water pipes, and electrical wiring. They have a tendency to gnaw on these structures, potentially leading to costly repairs. Additionally, their chewing habits can even pose a fire hazard if they chew on electrical wires.

Another concern when dealing with mice and squirrels is the potential health risks they pose. These rodents can carry diseases such as hantavirus, lymphocytic choriomeningitis, plague, and rabies. Direct contact with their droppings, urine, or saliva can result in the transmission of these diseases to humans, causing severe illnesses. Ingesting food or water contaminated by these rodents can also lead to health complications.

Health Risks Associated with Mice and Squirrels:

  • Hantavirus: A potentially fatal respiratory disease that can be transmitted through contact with infected rodents or their droppings.
  • Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis: A viral infection that can cause flu-like symptoms and can be contracted through exposure to infected rodents.
  • Plague: An infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, which can be transmitted to humans through fleas that infest rodents.
  • Rabies: A viral infection that affects the central nervous system and can be transmitted through a bite or scratch from an infected animal, including rodents.

Given these potential risks, it is crucial to address any infestation of mice and squirrels in your home promptly. Taking the necessary steps to remove these rodents and implementing preventive measures can help safeguard your home and protect your health.

Risks Effects
Destruction of insulation Decreased energy efficiency and potential for mold growth
Damage to water pipes Leakage and water damage
Chewing on electrical wiring Fire hazard and potential for power outage
Transmission of diseases Potential health complications for humans

Eliminating Mice and Squirrels from the Attic

Effective Steps for Rodent Removal

To eliminate mice and squirrels from your attic, it is crucial to take proactive measures to remove them and prevent further infestation. Here are some effective steps:

  • 1. Seal all possible entry points: Inspect your attic for any openings that rodents can use to gain access. Seal cracks, gaps, and holes using steel wool, caulk, or metal mesh. Pay attention to areas around vents, pipes, and utility lines.
  • 2. Use appropriate traps: Place snap traps or live traps in areas where you have noticed rodent activity. Bait them with peanut butter or cheese to attract the pests. Check the traps regularly and dispose of captured rodents far away from your home.
  • 3. Trim overgrown plants and trees near the roof: Rodents can use tree branches or overgrown vegetation as a bridge to access your attic. Trim back trees and shrubs that are close to your home to limit their access points.
  • 4. Seek professional pest management services: If the infestation persists or if you prefer expert assistance, consider hiring a professional pest control company. They can perform thorough exclusion work to seal entry points and provide ongoing monitoring and prevention services.

By implementing these measures, you can effectively eliminate mice and squirrels from your attic and reduce the risk of further infestations. Remember to address the root cause of the problem, such as proper sanitation and maintenance, to prevent future rodent issues.

Pros of DIY Rodent Removal Cons of DIY Rodent Removal
Cost-effective May require multiple attempts
Allows for immediate action Requires time and effort
Can be customized to specific needs May not address underlying causes

While DIY methods can be effective in some cases, it is important to assess the severity of the infestation and consider seeking professional help for more complex situations. Professional pest management services have the expertise, equipment, and knowledge to handle rodent removal effectively and safely.

Can Squirrels Eat Mice?

Squirrels, though primarily herbivorous, have been known to occasionally consume mice. This behavior typically occurs when squirrels are facing difficult conditions with limited food supply or when they are in a state of starvation. While it is not a common occurrence, it is important to understand that squirrels are opportunistic eaters and will go after larger, higher-protein sources if necessary. However, it is essential to note that squirrels primarily rely on plant-based foods and do not pose a threat to humans or pets.

It is crucial to remember that squirrels are adaptable creatures capable of adjusting their diet based on the availability of food sources in their environment. Their diets consist primarily of plant-based foods such as fungi, corn, roots, sunflower seeds, insects, nuts, and fruit. These foods provide squirrels with the necessary nutrients to sustain themselves.

We should also understand that squirrels’ feeding behavior is not limited to traditional food sources. They have been observed scavenging and consuming unusual food items, including bird eggs, insects, and occasional mice. This behavior is a testament to their resourcefulness and their ability to adapt to challenging conditions. However, it is important to emphasize that squirrels primarily rely on their natural plant-based diet.


  • Squirrels are primarily herbivorous but can consume mice on rare occasions.
  • They may eat mice when facing starvation or limited food supply.
  • Squirrels primarily rely on plant-based foods for their nutritional needs.
  • Their diet includes fungi, corn, roots, sunflower seeds, insects, nuts, and fruit.
  • Squirrels are opportunistic eaters and can scavenge for food, including bird eggs and occasional mice if necessary.
  • Squirrels’ ability to adapt to different food sources showcases their resourcefulness.
Food Sources Primary Occasional
Plant-based Foods Yes No
Insects Yes Yes
Mice No Yes

Squirrels’ Dietary Habits and Food Sources

Squirrels are highly adaptable creatures that have a diverse diet consisting mainly of plant-based foods. They have a preference for fungi, corn, roots, sunflower seeds, insects, nuts, and fruit. By foraging for these food sources, squirrels play an important role in seed dispersal and maintaining the health of forest ecosystems.

Table: Squirrels’ Food Preferences

Food Source Role in Squirrels’ Diet
Fungi Provide essential nutrients and help with digestion
Corn High in carbohydrates, an energy source for squirrels
Roots Rich in minerals and provide sustenance during winter months
Sunflower seeds High in protein and fat, important for squirrels’ diet
Insects Additional protein source, especially during breeding season
Nuts Commonly stored for future consumption during winter
Fruit Provides hydration and essential vitamins

Squirrels are known to store food in hidden locations to access during times when food is scarce, such as the winter months. This behavior, called caching, helps them survive when natural food sources are limited. The stored food provides them with sustenance, reducing the need for extensive foraging during harsh weather conditions.

While squirrels primarily stick to their plant-based diet, they can also exhibit opportunistic behavior and adapt their food choices depending on availability. They may scavenge for bird eggs, insects, and occasionally even small animals like mice when faced with challenging conditions or limited food supply. However, such behavior is not common and does not pose a significant threat to humans or pets.

Behavior of Squirrels in Search of Food

Squirrels are highly adaptive creatures that display various behaviors when searching for food. Their diet primarily consists of plant-based foods like fungi, corn, roots, sunflower seeds, nuts, and fruit. However, when faced with challenging conditions or limited food supply, squirrels can exhibit opportunistic behavior by going after unusual food sources.

One of the remarkable behaviors of squirrels is their ability to scavenge for food. They have a keen sense of smell and can locate hidden food caches, including those left by humans such as bread scraps and meat. This scavenging behavior helps them survive during times when their usual food sources are scarce.

Squirrels may also resort to consuming bird eggs and insects, which provide them with a higher protein content. While squirrels are primarily herbivorous, this behavior is seen when they are in desperate situations or facing starvation. However, it’s important to note that such behavior is not common and should not be a cause for concern for humans or pets.

Table: Squirrels’ Food Sources

Food Sources Description
Fungi Squirrels consume various fungi species found in their environment.
Corn Corn kernels are a common food source for squirrels, especially during the harvest season.
Roots Squirrels dig for roots, consuming them as part of their diet.
Sunflower Seeds Squirrels enjoy feasting on sunflower seeds, which are rich in fats and proteins.
Nuts Various nuts like acorns, walnuts, and hazelnuts are an essential part of a squirrel’s diet.
Fruit Squirrels are fond of fruits, including apples, berries, and oranges.

In summary, squirrels are versatile creatures that can adapt their diet to survive in challenging conditions. While their primary food sources consist of plant-based foods, they can exhibit scavenging behavior and consume other sources such as bird eggs, insects, and food left by humans. Understanding their behavior and food preferences can help in creating an environment that encourages their natural foraging habits while minimizing potential conflicts with humans.


In conclusion, it is crucial to address any infestation of mice and squirrels in your home to avoid potential damage and health risks. These rodents can coexist in the same environment, but their presence can lead to disturbances, structural damage, and the spread of diseases. Identifying the specific rodent and taking appropriate measures to eliminate them is the first step towards a rodent-free home.

By sealing all possible entry points, using traps, and trimming plants and trees near the roof, you can effectively keep these pests out of your attic. However, for a thorough and long-term solution, professional pest management services can provide exclusion work that removes the rodents and prevents future infestations.

It is worth noting that while squirrels are primarily herbivorous and prefer plant-based foods, they may occasionally eat mice if they are starving or in challenging conditions with limited food supply. However, this behavior is not common and should not be a cause for concern for humans or pets.

To ensure a rodent-free home, it is essential to implement preventive measures. Regularly inspect and secure your property, and keep your environment clean and free of potential food sources. By following these steps, you can create an inhospitable environment for mice and squirrels, maintaining a safe and healthy living space for you and your family.