5 Mexican Dog Breeds

When you think of the country of Mexico, the first things that come to mind are usually sandy beaches, strong tequila and fresh avocado. But there is something else that this unique country also gives to the rest of the world. There aren’t as many Mexican dog breeds as German or French, but these five picky dog ​​breeds have no problem being in the spotlight and are often the life of the party. Or should we say party?


5 Best Mexican Dog Breeds:

1. Xoloitzcuintli


  • Temperament: Calm, loyal, alert

  • Height: 10-14 inches

  • Weight: 10-15 pounds

  • Life Expectancy: 13-18 years

If you can’t pronounce this difficult name, do as the natives do and call them Xolo for short. Xolos are Mexican hairy dogs, although some have fur on their heads that resembles a mohawk. A significant benefit to owning one of these breeds is that their lack of fur means they are hypoallergenic and make the perfect pet for someone with allergies or who simply hates shedding.

The Xolo breed is very intelligent and graceful and was once known as the dog of the ancient Aztec gods. They are not as popular today as the Chihuahua but don’t ignore them. They come in a variety of small sizes to suit the very different needs of individual pet owners.

This Mexican breed comes in three sizes including toy, miniature and standard. All of them are relatively small, but they make up for their size with big personalities. Xolos are affectionate towards their owners and are always on the alert so they can protect their flock. Like many other dog breeds, they enjoy activity and can be destructive without it. This makes them ideal playmates for children and wears them so they slip into and easily relax at the end of the day.

2. Chihuahua

chihuahua dog posing on the beach

  • Temperament: Sassy, ​​graceful

  • Height: 5-8 inches

  • Weight: 6 pounds

  • Life Expectancy: 14-16 years

The Chihuahua is probably the most famous Mexican dog breed in the world. These dogs are known for their sassy and dashing personalities, and they bring a lot of personality into any family they join.

Chihuahuas are toy-sized and typically weigh less than 6 pounds. Their coat colors vary, and you can find them in white, black, tan, fawn, gold, cream, or a mix of these. While there are long and short hair types, you might also be surprised to learn that there are also hairless breeds. Each has a unique appearance, but they all make the perfect little lap dog for dog lovers who enjoy long cuddle sessions.

The chihuahua’s temperament is as unique as its coat. Some are fierce and loud, while others are more shy and reserved. One quality that remains the same is that they are fiercely loyal, and their love for humans never wavers. Due to its small size and minimal maintenance, you might consider buying a chihuahua if you live in an urban setting or a small apartment.

3. chinese crested

Chinese Crested Dog white_Piqsels

  • Temperament: Loving, lively, alert

  • Height: 11-13 inches

  • Weight: 8-12 pounds

  • Life Expectancy: 13-18 years

How can a dog with “Chinese” in its name really be a Mexican dog breed? Hard to believe, but that’s the truth. So, where did these dogs get their names? Chinese crests evolved from Mexican hairy dogs and were later imported into China, where their breeding continued.

The only hair they have is the long, fine fur on their heads, tails, and legs. Their minimal hair makes them the best of both worlds for someone who enjoys the benefits of a hairless dog while still having fur to brush.

Chinese Crested Dogs are some of the most affectionate toy breeds out there. They are genuine homebody who loves to be pampered and played with. If you have family and other pets, you might consider buying this breed. They are not aggressive or territorial and get along well with other dogs and cats. Some people avoid this breed because of its appearance, but they are missing out on one of the most kind and loving dog breeds in the world.

4. Mexican Wolf Dog

  • Temperament: Loyal, stable

  • Height: 22-29 inches

  • Weight: 50-90 pounds

  • Life Expectancy: 12-18 years

Of just five Mexican dog breeds, the Mexican Wolf Dog, also called the Calupoh, is one of the rarest. This dog is a cross between a wild wolf and various other dog breeds. Since they came from wolves, many people consider them perfect for a sense of security. These dogs love to have a job and are often used as sheepdogs and cattle dogs, but they are also great companions.

Mexican Wolf Dogs are very agile and strong. Their long legs and muscular bodies give them a lot of endurance, and they need lots of exercise and yard to run. Despite their wild DNA, these dogs have a stable temperament and are relatively easy to train and handle.

Like wolves, these dogs are loyal to their pack and will be equally devoted to your family. If you are looking for a confident guard dog, this is definitely one to consider.

5. Mexican Pitbull

  • Temperament: Confident, friendly, alert

  • Height: 14 inches

  • Weight: 25-40 pounds

  • Life Expectancy: 13-15 years

The last Mexican breed on our list is the Mexican Pitbull or Chamuco. This breed is also very rare, and they are on the verge of extinction. These dogs are very similar to the American Pits but were created from a cross between the American and Mexican bulldog, Staffordshire Terrier, and Pit Bull Terrier.

The shame about this breed is that they are not a popular house pet as they were traditionally bred for underground dogfights despite their very friendly and confident nature. Those who are house pets are very gentle and like to play with children and only become aggressive when they are not properly socialized.


Problems Facing Mexican Dog Breeds

Although these descendants make thousands of families happy, many of those trapped in Mexico face grave threats. Mexico’s dog population is about 23 million, with 70% of them living on the streets. Due to the large number of homeless dogs, many of them are captured and killed every day. Those fortunate enough to remain free face a greater ordeal without access to basic care to help them stay hydrated, full, and disease-free. Because there are no animal rights in Mexico, many dogs have animosity towards humans, and the vicious cycle of dog life continues.

The living conditions of the animals in Mexico often give them a bad reputation. Mexican dog breeds make some of the best pets you could ask for and are just as worthy of a warm and loving home as some of the more popular breeds. If you are thinking about bringing one of these dogs home, always do your research to make sure they come from a reputable breeder.

divider dog paw


Mexico brings a lot of spice into our lives in many different ways, and these five dog breeds are no exception. It is very important as a dog lover to know all the breeds the world has to offer. You never know which one will fit into your lifestyle and become a permanent part of your home that you may have seen in the past.

Featured Image Credit: hoto studio, Shutterstock

READ ALSO:   Why Do People Cover Horse Eyes? 3 Reasons Why