4 Egyptian Dog Breeds

Egypt is home to some of the oldest dog breeds in the world. The ancient Egyptians were one of the first civilizations to raise dogs. A tomb dating to 3500 BC has a painting of a man walking a dog on a leash, a sure sign that dogs existed in Egypt long before that.

Many Egyptian dogs are sleek and short-haired, as you would expect from the climate they thrive in.


Top 4 Egyptian Dog Breeds:

1. Saluki


The Saluki is one of the oldest dog breeds in the world and is best known as the Egyptian dog. This sighthound was once used by nomadic tribes to chase game. They were likely first bred in the Fertile Crescent but later evolved into the modern breed we know today by the Egyptians.

The Greyhound is the fastest dog over short distances, but the Saluki is considered to be faster over long distances. They can reach speeds of up to 42.8 mph and maintain it. They have soft feet that absorb shock waves as they run, giving them great stamina.

Typical prey for these animals include rabbits, foxes, antelope, and wolves. The dogs were sometimes held on to the camels, and then they jumped whenever a prey animal appeared, giving them an instant speed advantage.

The Saluki still acts like a hunting dog today. They are reserved around strangers, although they are not aggressive in any way. They can be independent, which makes training difficult. They also get bored quickly, so they’re not the best for staying alone for long periods of time. These dogs need a little practice, but they don’t like rough play or games like throws. They do like soft toys.

READ ALSO:   3 Alaskan Dog Breeds

2. Basenji


Basenji is an ancient hunting dog breed. They are noted for their unusual yodeling sound, similar to the Siberian Husky’s “skin” but higher pitched. Basenji are nicknamed “skinless” dogs, but they are not silent in any way. In fact, they can be quite noisy.

These dogs also have other strange traits. For example, they only go to summer once a year, which is something they share with the dingo. They are also practically odorless, unlike most fangs. They sometimes stand on their hind legs like meerkats to get a better view.

These dogs are very alert and curious. They are closed to strangers and tend to cling to one person and not socialize with others. They don’t get along well with non-dog pets, such as cats, because they have a strong prey drive. They also dislike humid weather, and many will avoid water at all costs.

They are very intelligent but usually use it for their own benefit, such as to obtain food. They do well in training but are often too independent and aloof.

3. Baladi

baladi sleep dog_Quisquilia_shutterstock

This dog is not technically a breed at all. However, Baladi is one of the most common dogs in Egypt. They are known as Egyptian street dogs, so they were not bred by any breeder but randomly breed among themselves as stray dogs. Many of these dogs have a similar appearance to one another, as most have been on the streets for generations. They are light-skinned and thin, with long legs and large ears. Most have curly tails.

READ ALSO:   English Budgie vs American Budgie: What's the Difference?

Although adoption of these dogs was not widespread in Egypt, they became popular in the United States. They usually love people and quickly adapt to life at home. They are polite and can quickly learn commands. Most of these dogs go from never seeing a tennis ball to playing catch and throw within a few days.

They spoke in furious voices instead of barking. At first, this can be a little unpleasant, as many people think that dogs are aggressive. However, it also means dogs are quieter than most. They sound similar to Huskies but are quieter and more furious.

4. Arman

This is a rare breed that has an unusual background. Today, Armants are found mostly in Egypt, where they evolved into the breed we know today. However, they were likely originally European dogs that somehow found their way to Egypt and later formed their own breed. Some say they were brought in by Napoleon’s armies and possibly later crossed with native breeds to make Armant.

They are named after a certain city in Egypt called Armant, which is evidently where the breed was first developed. This breed is quite rare, especially outside of Egypt. In Egypt, they were used as shepherd and guard dogs. Rumor has it that they were used as herding dogs in Napoleon’s army, which explains where this instinct came from!

Featured image credit: Verbitskaya Juliya, Shutterstock